- A few examples of statins are atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pitavastatin, pravastatin, and simvastatin.
- The likelihood of side effects from taking statins is influenced by factors like gender, height, age, alcohol use, and renal and liver illness.
“Hypocholesterolemic” describes them. Statins have been routinely prescribed medications ever since they were introduced in the late 1980s. These are designed to combat elevated levels of LDL cholesterol or “bad” cholesterol. According to numerous studies, this therapy is crucial in reducing the development of cardiovascular disorders like myocardial infarction and stroke. Additionally, it would lower the likelihood of fatalities in those with severe cardiovascular risks. However, because of the negative side effects they can have, some studies have cast doubt on their use and, more especially, their health benefits.
Minor negative effects
The National Health Service (NHS), the public health system in the UK, states that side effects can differ from one statin to another, but that the most frequent ones are headache, dizziness, feeling unwell, unusual fatigue, physical weakness, digestive disorders (constipation, diarrhea, flatulence), or sleep disturbances. These side effects are typically mild. These medications can also result in hair loss, skin issues (acne or rash), or sexual issues, according to the Mayo Clinic, an American hospital university and research federation (low libido or erectile dysfunction).
Statin use may result in more severe adverse effects. “The actual risk of developing muscle soreness from taking statins is roughly 5% or less compared to taking a placebo,” states another study on the potential side effects of cholesterol-lowering drugs.
On the Mayo Clinic website, we can read that studies have shown that about 30% of people have quit taking the medications due to muscle soreness, even when they were taking a placebo.
On rare occasions, taking statins might result in an increase in liver enzymes that causes liver inflammation. Although liver problems are not common, the federation states that “your doctor may conduct a liver enzyme test before or shortly after you start taking a statin.”
Diabetes type 2
Additionally, patients on statins may experience an increase in blood sugar throughout therapy, which might result in the onset of type 2 diabetes.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has warned statin labels regarding blood sugar and diabetes due to a tiny but considerable danger, the Mayo Clinic continues.
A neurological condition
Additionally, the FDA has noted on the labels of this medication that some patients have complained of forgetfulness or memory loss when using statins. When patients stopped using these medications, these negative effects would go away. The Mayo Clinic claims that there is currently insufficient proof of a causal connection.